Types of Cancer

Extensive experience with the broad array of cancer types

Cancer occurs when abnormal cells divide and grow, often forming a mass, tumor, or lump. There are more than 100 types of cancer, which are usually named for the organs or tissues where they form (lung cancer, brain cancer, breast cancer). We treat most forms of cancer, including the most common, such as cervical cancer, throat cancer, and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

Cancer types can be grouped into broader categories

The main categories of cancer include:

Carcinoma

Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover internal organs.

Sarcoma

Cancer that begins in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue.

Leukemia

Cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue (such as bone marrow) and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood.

Lymphoma and myeloma

Cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system.

Central nervous system cancers

Cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal cord.

Close up image of tumor

There are generally two forms of cancer:

Benign tumors

Tumors that aren’t cancerous. They can often be removed and, in most cases, don’t come back. Cells in benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body.

Malignant tumors

Tumors that are cancerous. Cells in these tumors can invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body. The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another is called metastasis.

The Oncology Institute of Hope and Innovation offers state-of-the-art treatment for all cancers, including:

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Acute myeloid leukemia
Bladder cancer
Bone cancer
Brain cancer
Breast cancer
Cervical cancer
Choriocarcinoma
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)
Colon cancer
Endometrial cancer
Esophageal/esophagus cancer
Gallbladder cancer
Gastric cancer
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors
Head and neck cancer
Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Kaposi’s sarcoma
Kidney (renal cell) cancer
Larynx cancer
Leukemia
Liver cancer
Lung cancer
Male breast cancer
Melanoma
Mesothelioma
Multiple myeloma
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Non-small cell lung cancer

Osteosarcoma
Ovarian cancer
Pancreatic cancer
Prostate cancer
Rectal cancer
Renal cancer
Sarcoma
Skin cancer
Small cell lung cancer
Soft tissue sarcomas
Testicular cancer
Throat cancer
Thyroid cancer
Uterine cancer

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Acute myeloid leukemia
Bladder cancer
Bone cancer
Brain cancer
Breast cancer
Cervical cancer
Choriocarcinoma
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)
Colon cancer
Endometrial cancer
Esophageal/esophagus cancer
Gallbladder cancer
Gastric cancer
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors
Head and neck cancer
Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Kaposi’s sarcoma
Kidney (renal cell) cancer
Larynx cancer
Leukemia
Liver cancer
Lung cancer
Male breast cancer
Melanoma
Mesothelioma
Multiple myeloma
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Non-small cell lung cancer
Osteosarcoma
Ovarian cancer
Pancreatic cancer
Prostate cancer
Rectal cancer
Renal cancer
Sarcoma
Skin cancer
Small cell lung cancer
Soft tissue sarcomas
Testicular cancer
Throat cancer
Thyroid cancer
Uterine cancer