Surgery is used to remove cancerous tumors. It is also performed to help diagnose cancer. A common form of diagnostic surgery is a biopsy, where the doctor takes a tissue sample from the afflicted area and runs tests to see if it is cancerous.
Chemotherapy drugs are given orally or through intravenous (IV) injection to reduce cancer growth and spread. More than half of all cancer patients receive chemotherapy treatment.
Uses high-energy radiation to shrink tumors and kill cancer cells. X-rays, gamma rays, and charged particles are types of radiation used for cancer treatment.
Also called targeted therapy because it targets only cancer cells while limiting damage to the surrounding normal cells. Immunotherapy is intended to increase the effectiveness of cancer therapy and reduce the side effects often associated with chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy.
Hormone therapy is used when the cancer’s growth is spurred by the absorption of your body’s naturally occurring hormones. Your doctor may decide to limit or block hormone production by administering certain drugs or remove the organs that produce the hormone feeding the cancer.